Introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine the cost-effectiveness of collaborative dementia care management (DCM).
Methods: The cost-effectiveness analysis was based on the data of 444 patients of a cluster-randomized, controlled trial, conceptualized to evaluate a collaborative DCM that aimed to optimize treatment and care in dementia. Health-care resource use, costs, quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), and incremental cost per QALY gained were measured over a 24-month time horizon.
Results: DCM increased QALYs (+0.05) and decreased costs (-569€) due to a lower hospitalization and a delayed institutionalization (7 months) compared with usual care. The probability of DCM being cost-effective was 88% at willingness-to-pay thresholds of 40,000€ per QALY gained and higher in patients living alone compared to those not living alone (96% vs. 26%).
Discussion: DCM is likely to be a cost-effective strategy in treating dementia and thus beneficial for public health-care payers and patients, especially for those living alone.
Keywords: Alzheimer's disease; Collaborative care; Cost-effectiveness; Costs; Dementia; Dementia care management; Economic impact; Economics; Formal care; Informal care; Medical treatment; Nonmedical treatment.
Copyright © 2019 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.