PML Bodies in Mitosis

Cells. 2019 Aug 14;8(8):893. doi: 10.3390/cells8080893.


Promyelocytic leukemia (PML) bodies are dynamic intracellular structures that recruit and release a variety of different proteins in response to stress, virus infection, DNA damage and cell cycle progression. While PML bodies primarily are regarded as nuclear compartments, they are forced to travel to the cytoplasm each time a cell divides, due to breakdown of the nuclear membrane at entry into mitosis and subsequent nuclear exclusion of nuclear material at exit from mitosis. Here we review the biochemical and biophysical transitions that occur in PML bodies during mitosis and discuss this in light of post-mitotic nuclear import, cell fate decision and acute promyelocytic leukemia therapy.

Keywords: APL; PML; PML bodies; Promyelocytic leukemia protein; liquid-liquid phase separation; mitosis; nuclear bodies; nuclear import.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Active Transport, Cell Nucleus
  • Animals
  • Cell Nucleus / metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cytoplasm / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Intranuclear Inclusion Bodies / metabolism*
  • Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / drug therapy*
  • Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / metabolism
  • Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute / pathology
  • Mice
  • Mitosis*
  • Nuclear Envelope / metabolism
  • Promyelocytic Leukemia Protein / metabolism*


  • Promyelocytic Leukemia Protein