Hypertension and progressive supranuclear palsy

Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2019 Sep;66:166-170. doi: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2019.07.036. Epub 2019 Aug 3.

Abstract

Background: The epidemiologic evidence of whether hypertension is associated with Progressive Supranuclear Palsy (PSP) is inconsistent. The ENGENE-PSP case-control study determined various PSP risk factors including whether hypertension preceded PSP onset.

Methods: Incident PSP cases per NINDS-PSP criteria and age-, sex-, race- matched controls were recruited from similar North American geographic areas. All study participants were administered standardized interviews to obtain data on demographics, medical history and medications.

Statistics: We used univariate and multivariate conditional logistic regression models to measure the associations between PSP and the following predictor variables: education level, hypertension, comorbid vascular conditions (diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia), and classes of anti-hypertensive medications using odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals.

Results: There were significant associations seen between PSP and hypertension (OR: 1.569; 95% CI 1.129-2.181; p-value = 0.007), education level (OR: 0.733; 95% CI 0.637-0.843; p-value<0.001) and beta-blocker use (OR: 2.000; 95% CI 1.053-3.799; p-value = 0.034). However, in the multi-variate analysis hypertension (OR: 1.492; 95% CI 1.045-2.129; p-value = 0.027) and education level (OR: 0.730; 95% CI 0.633-0.841; p-value<0.001) were the only significant associations.

Conclusion: These results suggest that there is a modest, yet significant association between hypertension and PSP. Further studies will be needed to better understand the pathophysiological basis for this finding.

Keywords: Case-control study; Epidemiology; Hypertension; Progressive supranuclear palsy; Risk factors.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Comorbidity
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / epidemiology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Supranuclear Palsy, Progressive / epidemiology*