Detection, occurrence, and fate of emerging contaminants in agricultural environments (2019)

Water Environ Res. 2019 Oct;91(10):1103-1113. doi: 10.1002/wer.1204. Epub 2019 Sep 2.


A review of 82 papers published in 2018 is presented. The topics ranged from detailed descriptions of analytical methods, to fate and occurrence studies, to ecological effects and sampling techniques for a wide variety of emerging contaminants likely to occur in agricultural environments. New methods and studies on veterinary pharmaceuticals, microplastics, and engineered nanomaterials in agricultural environments continue to expand our knowledge base on the occurrence and potential impacts of these compounds. This review is divided into the following sections: Introduction, Analytical Methods, Fate and Occurrence, Pharmaceutical Metabolites, Anthelmintics, Microplastics, and Engineered Nanomaterials. PRACTITIONER POINTS: New research describes innovative new techniques for emerging contaminant detection in agricultural settings. Newer classes of contaminants include human and veterinary pharmaceuticals. Research in microplastics and nanomaterials shows that these also occur in agricultural environments and will likely be topics of future work.

Keywords: agricultural environments; analytical methods; anthelmintics; antibiotics; nanoparticles; pharmaceuticals; steroid hormones; water and wastewater.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Agriculture
  • Ecology
  • Environmental Monitoring*
  • Humans
  • Plastics
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical*


  • Plastics
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical