Clinical significance and comparison of flotillin 1 expression in left and right colon cancer

Oncol Lett. 2019 Aug;18(2):997-1004. doi: 10.3892/ol.2019.10401. Epub 2019 May 27.

Abstract

Flotillin 1 (FLOT1) is increasingly implicated in various types of cancer, and has been reported to influence tumorigenesis and cancer progression, leading to poor prognosis for survival time; however, its expression in colorectal cancer (CRC) and its influence on various clinicopathological parameters of this disease remain unknown. In the present study, FLOT1 expression and its effect on different clinicopathological parameters were assessed immunohistochemically and histologically in 81 CRC and 81 non-tumorous colon tissue samples. The immunohistochemical staining was scored semi-quantitatively. The association of FLOT1 expression with various parameters and its effect on overall survival time was also assessed. FLOT1 was upregulated in the CRC tissue, with increased expression in the right colon tissue samples compared with those of left colon. Increased FLOT1 expression in CRC tissue samples was associated with tumor volume, differentiation, tumor grade and poor overall survival time. In the right colon tissue samples in particular, there was a notable association with tumor volume and grade, indicating its effect on proliferation and tumor stage at this site. A multivariate Cox regression hazard analysis revealed that only tumor grade and differentiation were the independent predictors of overall survival time in patients with CRC. Together, the results of the present study suggest that FLOT1 serves important functions in the proliferation and progression of CRC, contributes to decreased survival time, and may serve as a novel therapeutic target for the treatment of CRC.

Keywords: colorectal cancer; flotillin 1; right and left colon; tumor differentiation; tumor grade; tumor volume.