Background: Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) for mental health are important for persons with Huntington disease (HD) who commonly experience symptoms of depression, anxiety, irritability, anger, aggression, and apathy. Given this, there is a need for reliable and valid patient-reported outcomes measures of mental health for use as patient-centered outcomes in clinical trials.
Objective: Thus, the purpose of this study was to establish the psychometric properties (i.e., reliability and validity) of six Neuro-QoL and PROMIS mental health measures to support their clinical utility in persons with HD.
Methods: 294 individuals with premanifest (n = 102) or manifest HD (n = 131 early HD; n = 61 late HD) completed Neuro-QoL/PROMIS measures of Emotional and Behavioral Dyscontrol, Positive Affect and Well-Being, Stigma, Anger, Anxiety, and Depression, legacy measures of self-reported mental health, and clinician-rated assessments of functioning.
Results: Convergent validity and discriminant validity for the Neuro-QoL and PROMIS measures of Emotional and Behavioral Dyscontrol, Positive Affect and Well-Being, Stigma, Anger, Anxiety, and Depression, were supported in persons with HD. Neuro-QoL measures of Anxiety and Depression also demonstrated moderate sensitivity and specificity (i.e., they were able to distinguish between individuals with and without clinically significant anxiety and depression).
Conclusions: Findings provide psychometric support for the clinical utility of the Neuro-QoL/PROMIS measures of mental health measures in persons with HD. As such, these measures should be considered for the standardized assessment of health-related quality of life in persons with HD.
Keywords: Huntington disease; Neuro-QoL; PROMIS; emotion; mental health; reliability; validity.