Aim: The present study analysed the regular salt and macronutrients consumption of South Indian population with diabetes, hypertension and renal dysfunction.
Methods: The cross sectional study was performed among 200 subjects, divided into four different groups consisted of control, subjects with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) without any other complications, T2DM subjects with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and T2DM subjects with hypertension (HTN). The dietary salt intake was estimated from 24-h urinary sodium excretion and the amount of macronutrients was calculated using 24-h dietary recall method.
Results: Out of 200 study subjects, only 28 (14%) were consuming salt as per the recommended levels by WHO (i.e., 5-6 g/day). Thirty-eight (19%) subjects were consuming more than 18 g of salt per day, 67 (33.5%) were consuming 12-18 g of salt per day and another 67 (33.5%) were found to be consuming salt in a range of 6-12 g/day. Calorie contribution from the carbohydrates was significantly high compared to the calories from the proteins. Fat consumption and its corresponding energy contribution were also high among HTN group subjects.
Conclusion: Observations of the study point out to the requirement of nationwide intensive and persistent efforts to enhance the public awareness on salt reduction.
Keywords: Dietary protein; Dietary sodium; Renal dysfunction; Type 2 diabetes; Urinary sodium excretion.
Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier Ltd.