Awareness of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss and Use of Hearing Protection among Young Adults in Jordan

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Aug 17;16(16):2961. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16162961.


Action to prevent noise-induced hearing loss is necessary, especially because many causes of permanent hearing loss are preventable. The aim of this study is to identify and raise awareness of the effect of loud sounds on hearing and effective ways to protect ears among young adults in Jordan. Using non-probability and convenience sampling, 245 students (113 female and 132 males, aged 21.5 years ± 2.18) from three universities participated in the study and filled the questionnaire completely. The questionnaire consisted of 19 questions targeting hearing health. The answers were analyzed statistically, and comparisons were made using the t-test. Hearing loss was regarded as an important issue by 64.1% of the participants. Among the participants, 58% already suffered from at least one hearing symptom, even though only 9.8% used earplugs to protect their hearing. After receiving information on noise-induced hearing loss, 56.3% were likely or somewhat likely to use earplugs in the future (p < 0.01). This indicates that education and knowledge have a strong influence on student attitudes. It is obvious that the awareness of noise-induced hearing loss among adults in Jordan is very low. The authorities, policymakers, media, and educational institutes should recognize their responsibility in raising the awareness of the danger of loud music among young adults.

Keywords: Jordan; attitude to noise; hearing protection; leisure noise; noise-induced hearing loss; young adults.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Awareness
  • Ear Protective Devices
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced / etiology*
  • Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Jordan
  • Male
  • Music
  • Noise / adverse effects
  • Students
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Universities
  • Young Adult