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. 2020 Jan;95(1):145-153.
doi: 10.1002/ccd.28452. Epub 2019 Aug 20.

Impact of Complete Percutaneous Revascularization in Elderly Patients With Chronic Total Occlusion


Impact of Complete Percutaneous Revascularization in Elderly Patients With Chronic Total Occlusion

Renato Valenti et al. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. .


Objective: The aim of the study was to assess the prognostic impact of successful chronic total occlusion (CTO) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and completeness of revascularization in the elderly.

Background: Successful CTO-PCI is associated with clinical benefit. Notwithstanding elderly patients are currently underrepresented in CTO-PCI randomized controlled trials and registries.

Methods: From the Florence CTO-PCI registry 1,405 patients underwent CTO-PCI between 2004 and 2015; out of these, 460 consecutive patients were ≥75 years. End point of the study was long-term cardiac survival. The prognostic impact of successful CTO-PCI and complete revascularization on survival was assessed by Kaplan-Meier estimation and by Cox multivariable regression analysis.

Results: Patients were stratified according to success (72%) or failure of CTO-PCI. Completeness of revascularization was achieved in 57% of patients. Five-year cardiac survival was significantly higher in the successful CTO-PCI group (84 ± 3% vs. 72 ± 6%; p = .006) and it was further improved if complete coronary revascularization was achieved (90 ± 3% vs. 68 ± 5%; p < .001). At multivariable analysis, increasing age (hazard ratio [HR] 1.08; p = .001), diabetes (HR 1.55; p = .033), chronic kidney disease (HR 1.96, p = .002), left ventricular ejection fraction <0.40 (HR 2.10; p < .001), and completeness of revascularization (HR 0.58; p < .005) resulted independently associated with long-term cardiac survival.

Conclusions: In the elderly successful CTO-PCI is associated with a long-term survival benefit. The results of this study suggest that, even in the elderly, a CTO-PCI attempt should be considered to achieve complete coronary revascularization.

Keywords: CTO-PCI; coronary artery disease.

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