Objectives: To evaluate the correlation of O-antigen serotypes with resistance profiles and high-risk clones in a Spanish nationwide survey.
Methods: Up to 30 consecutive healthcare-associated Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates were collected during October 2017 from each of 51 hospitals (covering all Spanish regions) with a total of 1445 isolates studied. MICs of 13 antipseudomonal agents and MDR/XDR profiles had been previously determined, as well as whole-genome sequences of 185 representative XDR isolates. O-antigen serotypes (O1-O16) were determined by agglutination using serotype-specific antisera (BioRad). The Pseudomonas aeruginosa serotyper (PAst) program was used for in silico serotyping.
Results: The most frequent serotypes were O6 (17.8%), O1 (15.4%) and O11 (13.3%). In contrast, the most frequent serotype among XDR isolates (17.3%) was O4 (34.1%), distantly followed by O11 (15.9%). Within serotypes, XDR phenotypes were more frequent for O12 (60.0%) and O4 (57.3%). The most frequent clone among the XDR isolates was ST175 (40.9%), followed by CC235 (10.7%), ST308 (5.2%) and CC111 (3.6%). Up to 81.6% of XDR ST175 isolates typed O4, whereas 18.4% were non-typeable. O4 genotype was detected in all sequenced (n=55) ST175 isolates. On the other hand, CC235 and ST308 were associated with O11, whereas CC111 was linked to serotype O12.
Conclusions: O4 serotype is linked to the MDR/XDR profile of widespread ST175 (typically only susceptible to colistin, amikacin and the novel combinations ceftolozane/tazobactam and ceftazidime/avibactam) and therefore, after local validation, its detection in the microbiology laboratory might be useful for guiding semi-empirical antipseudomonal therapies and infection control measures in Spanish hospitals.
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