Purinergic signaling plays important roles in bone. P2X5, a member of ligand-gated ion channel receptors, has been demonstrated to regulate osteoclast maturation. However, the molecular mechanism of P2X5-mediated osteoclast regulation remains unclear. Here, we identified methylosome protein 50 (MEP50), a critical cofactor of the protein arginine methyltransferase 5 (PRMT5), as a P2X5-associating molecule. RNAi-mediated knockdown of MEP50 results in decreased formation of mature osteoclasts. MEP50 associates with P2X5, and this association requires the C-terminal intracellular region of P2X5. Additionally, impaired maturation of P2X5-deficient osteoclasts could be restored by transduction of full-length P2X5, but not a C-terminal deletion mutant of P2X5. These results indicate that P2X5 associates with MEP50 and suggest a link between the PRMT5 complex and P2X5 signaling in osteoclast maturation.
Keywords: MEP50; P2X5; PRMT5; RNAi-mediated knockdown; maturation; methylosome; osteoclast.
© 2019 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.