Myocarditis in the pediatric population: A review

Congenit Heart Dis. 2019 Sep;14(5):868-877. doi: 10.1111/chd.12835. Epub 2019 Aug 21.


Myocarditis has a variable clinical presentation and there is still debate regarding accurate diagnostic criteria. Adding to the controversy surrounding this diagnosis, there is no clear consensus for the treatment or ongoing follow-up of patients with myocarditis. All of this makes the diagnosis and management of myocarditis a particular challenge in the pediatric population. Furthermore, the literature with respect to this topic is dynamic and ever-changing. In this review article, we aim to review and summarize the common clinical presentations of myocarditis, along with the latest recommendations for diagnostic criteria, treatment, and follow-up of patients with myocarditis.

Keywords: guidelines; myocarditis; pediatrics.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biopsy
  • Child
  • Echocardiography / methods*
  • Electrocardiography / methods*
  • Global Health
  • Heart Ventricles / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Cine / methods*
  • Myocarditis / diagnosis
  • Myocarditis / epidemiology*
  • Myocardium / pathology*