Effect of comprehensive initial training on the variability of left ventricular measures using fast-SENC cardiac magnetic resonance imaging

Sci Rep. 2019 Aug 21;9(1):12223. doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-48685-1.


Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is becoming the imaging modality of choice in multicenter studies where highly reproducible measurements are necessary. The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of comprehensive initial training on reproducibility of quantitative left ventricular (LV) parameters estimated using strain-encoded (SENC) imaging. Thirty participants (10 patients with heart failure (HF) and preserved LV ejection fraction (HFpEF), 10 patients with HF and reduced LV ejection fraction (HFrEF) and 10 healthy volunteers) were examined using fast-SENC imaging. Four observers with different experience in non-invasive cardiac imaging completed comprehensive initial training course and were invited to perform CMR data analysis. To assess agreement between observers, LV volumes, mass, ejection fraction (LVEF), global longitudinal strain (GLS) and global circumferential strain (GCS) were estimated using dedicated software (MyoStrain, USA). To test intraobserver agreement data analysis was repeated after 4 weeks. SENC imaging and analysis were fast and were completed in less than 5 minutes. LV end-diastolic volume index (LVEDVi), LVEF and strain were significantly lower in HFpEF patients than in healthy volunteers (p = 0.019 for LVEDVi; p = 0.023 for LVEF; p = 0.004 for GLS and p < 0.001 for GCS). All LV functional parameters were further reduced in HFrEF. Excellent interobserver agreement was found for all LV parameters independently of the level of experience. The reproducibility of LV mass was lower, especially at the intraobserver level (ICC 0.91; 95% CI 0.74-0.96). LV volumetric and functional parameters derived using fast-SENC imaging, are highly reproducible. The appropriate initial training is relevant and allows to achieve highest concordance in fast-SENC measurements.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Female
  • Heart Failure* / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Failure* / physiopathology
  • Heart Ventricles / diagnostic imaging
  • Heart Ventricles / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Observer Variation
  • Stroke Volume
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left* / diagnostic imaging
  • Ventricular Dysfunction, Left* / physiopathology
  • Ventricular Function, Left*