Navigated Intraoperative 2-Dimensional Ultrasound in High-Grade Glioma Surgery: Impact on Extent of Resection and Patient Outcome

Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown). 2020 Apr 1;18(4):363-373. doi: 10.1093/ons/opz203.


Background: Maximizing extent of resection (EOR) and reducing residual tumor volume (RTV) while preserving neurological functions is the main goal in the surgical treatment of gliomas. Navigated intraoperative ultrasound (N-ioUS) combining the advantages of ultrasound and conventional neuronavigation (NN) allows for overcoming the limitations of the latter.

Objective: To evaluate the impact of real-time NN combining ioUS and preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) on maximizing EOR in glioma surgery compared to standard NN.

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed a series of 60 cases operated on for supratentorial gliomas: 31 operated under the guidance of N-ioUS and 29 resected with standard NN. Age, location of the tumor, pre- and postoperative Karnofsky Performance Status (KPS), EOR, RTV, and, if any, postoperative complications were evaluated.

Results: The rate of gross total resection (GTR) in NN group was 44.8% vs 61.2% in N-ioUS group. The rate of RTV > 1 cm3 for glioblastomas was significantly lower for the N-ioUS group (P < .01). In 13/31 (42%), RTV was detected at the end of surgery with N-ioUS. In 8 of 13 cases, (25.8% of the cohort) surgeons continued with the operation until complete resection. Specificity was greater in N-ioUS (42% vs 31%) and negative predictive value (73% vs 54%). At discharge, the difference between pre- and postoperative KPS was significantly higher for the N-ioUS (P < .01).

Conclusion: The use of an N-ioUS-based real-time has been beneficial for resection in noneloquent high-grade glioma in terms of both EOR and neurological outcome, compared to standard NN. N-ioUS has proven usefulness in detecting RTV > 1 cm3.

Keywords: Extent of resection; Gliomas; High-grade gliomas; Intraoperative ultrasound; Neuronavigation; Patient outcome; Residual tumor volume.

MeSH terms

  • Brain Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Brain Neoplasms* / surgery
  • Glioma* / diagnostic imaging
  • Glioma* / surgery
  • Humans
  • Neuronavigation
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Ultrasonography