Vietnamese American Dementia Caregivers' Perceptions and Experiences of a Culturally Tailored, Evidence-Based Program to Reduce Stress and Depression

J Gerontol Nurs. 2019 Sep 1;45(9):39-50. doi: 10.3928/00989134-20190813-05.


Vietnamese American dementia caregivers are at increased risk for adverse mental health compared to the general U.S. population given their sociodemographic and immigration experiences, yet programs that address their needs are lacking. The current article describes Vietnamese American dementia caregivers' perceptions and experiences of a culturally tailored, evidence-based intervention to reduce stress and depression. A convenience sample of caregivers was recruited from the San Francisco Bay area and randomly assigned to intervention ("Our Family Journey"; OFJ) (n = 30) or control (written dementia caregiving information) (n = 30) groups. All intervention and 76.7% of control caregivers reported that the OFJ or educational materials, respectively, were very/somewhat helpful. Three or more skills were refined/learned by 96.7% of OFJ and 36.6% of control participants. Qualitative findings indicated that the intervention had positive effects on well-being and taught new caregiving skills. This first U.S. study to address the mental health needs of Vietnamese American dementia caregivers shows positive perceptions/experiences and demonstrates a model to address a significant need in the community. [Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 45(9), 39-50.].

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Asian Americans / psychology*
  • Caregivers / psychology*
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Cultural Competency
  • Dementia / nursing*
  • Depression / prevention & control*
  • Evidence-Based Practice*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Patient Education as Topic / methods
  • San Francisco
  • Stress, Psychological / prevention & control*
  • Vietnam / ethnology