Electronic prescribing, defined as the electronic generation and transmission of a medication order for community-dwelling patients, is presented as an essential technology to improve medication use. The objective of this study was to evaluate a nationwide e-prescribing system in Quebec, Canada. A mixed-method study was conducted from July 2017 until June 2018. A descriptive analysis of e-prescription usage was performed using aggregated usage data, combined with an exploratory descriptive analysis of the e-prescribing system from the perspective of users of two electronic health records (EHR) and pharmacy management systems (PMS) (n=9 prescribers; 8 pharmacy technicians and 11 pharmacists). Overall, the adoption of the system was low, with only 2% of prescriptions being electronically transmitted and retrieved during the study period. Alignment problems were identified on the prescriber's and receiver's side, generating safety issues, and hindering the potential for benefits realization.
Keywords: Electronic Prescribing; Health Information Technology; Medication Adherence.