Aims: To explore the association between serum uric acid (SUA) level and the risk of cardiovascular complications and all-cause mortality rates among individuals with type 2 diabetes.
Methods: Web of Science and PubMed database were searched for studies reported associations between SUA level and cardiovascular complications and all-cause mortality among individuals with type 2 diabetes. Hazard ratios (HRs) were independently extracted by two investigators and synthesized through meta-analysis across selected studies.
Results: 6 (n = 11,750 patients), 4 (n = 3044 patients) and 2 studies (n = 7792 patients) were identified reporting associations between SUA level and all-cause mortality, coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke respectively. HR for all-cause mortality, CHD, and stroke per 59 μmol/l increase was 1.06 (95% CI: 1.03, 1.09), 1.09 (95% CI: 0.94, 1.26) and 1.19 (95% CI: 1.08, 1.31), respectively.
Conclusions: Overall, the SUA level was associated with a higher risk of all-cause mortality and stroke. We found no significant association between SUA level and CHD among type 2 diabetes population.
Keywords: All-cause mortality; Cardiovascular diseases; Meta-analysis; Serum uric acid; Type 2 diabetes.
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