The synthesis and characterization of a clickable-photoactive NAADP analog active in human cells

Cell Calcium. 2019 Nov:83:102060. doi: 10.1016/j.ceca.2019.102060. Epub 2019 Aug 1.


Nicotinic acid adenine dinucleotide phosphate (NAADP) is a potent Ca2+ mobilizing second messenger which triggers Ca2+ release in both sea urchin egg homogenates and in mammalian cells. The NAADP binding protein has not been identified and the regulation of NAADP mediated Ca2+ release remains controversial. To address this issue, we have synthesized an NAADP analog in which 3-azido-5-azidomethylbenzoic acid is attached to the amino group of 5-(3-aminopropyl)-NAADP to produce an NAADP analog which is both a photoaffinity label and clickable. This 'all-in-one-clickable' NAADP (AIOC-NAADP) elicited Ca2+ release when microinjected into cultured human SKBR3 cells at low concentrations. In contrast, it displayed little activity in sea urchin egg homogenates where very high concentrations were required to elicit Ca2+ release. In mammalian cell homogenates, incubation with low concentrations of [32P]AIOC-NAADP followed by irradiation with UV light resulted in labeling 23 kDa protein(s). Competition between [32P]AIOC-NAADP and increasing concentrations of NAADP demonstrated that the labeling was selective. We show that this label recognizes and selectively photodervatizes the 23 kDa NAADP binding protein(s) in cultured human cells identified in previous studies using [32P]5-N3-NAADP.

Keywords: Calcium intracellular release; Chemical biology; Click chemistry; Nucleoside/nucleotide analogue; Photoaffinity labeling; Receptor; Sea urchin; Second messenger.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Benzoic Acid / chemical synthesis*
  • Binding Sites
  • Calcium / metabolism*
  • Calcium Signaling
  • Cell Line, Tumor
  • Click Chemistry / methods*
  • Humans
  • NADP / analogs & derivatives*
  • NADP / chemical synthesis
  • NADP / isolation & purification
  • Photoaffinity Labels / chemical synthesis*
  • Photoaffinity Labels / isolation & purification
  • Protein Binding
  • Sea Urchins


  • Photoaffinity Labels
  • NADP
  • Benzoic Acid
  • Calcium