An Italian multicentre study of perampanel in progressive myoclonus epilepsies

Epilepsy Res. 2019 Oct:156:106191. doi: 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2019.106191. Epub 2019 Aug 16.


Perampanel (PER) is a novel anti-seizure medication useful in different types of epilepsy. We intended to assess the effectiveness of PER on cortical myoclonus and seizure frequency in patients with progressive myoclonus epilepsy (PME), using quantitative validated scales. Forty-nine patients aged 36.6 ± 15.6 years with PME of various aetiology (18 EPM1, 12 EPM2, five with sialidosis, one with Kufs disease, one with EPM7, and 12 undetermined) were enrolled between January 2017 and June 2018. PER at the dose of 2-12 mg (5.3 ± 2.5) was added to existing therapy. Myoclonus severity was assessed using a minimal myoclonus scale (MMS) in all the patients before and after 4-6 months of steady PER dose, and by means of the Unified Myoclonus Rating Scale (UMRS) in 20 patients. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the factors potentially predicting treatment efficacy. Four patients dropped out in the first two months due to psychiatric side effects. In the remaining patients, PER reduced myoclonus severity as assessed using MMS (Wilcoxon test: p < 0.001) and UMRS (p < 0.001), with the 'Action myoclonus' section of the UMRS showing the greatest improvement. The patients with EPM1 or EPM1-like phenotype were more likely to improve with PER (p = 0.011). Convulsive seizures which have recurred at least monthly in 17 patients were reduced by >50%. Side effects occurred in 22/49 (44.8%) patients, the most common being irritability followed by drowsiness. PER is effective in treating myoclonus and seizures in PME patients. The frequency of psychiatric side effects suggests the need for careful patient monitoring.

Keywords: EPM1; EPM2; Irritability; Myoclonus scale; Perampanel; Progressive myoclonus epilepsy.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Anticonvulsants / therapeutic use
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myoclonic Epilepsies, Progressive / drug therapy*
  • Myoclonus / drug therapy*
  • Myoclonus / physiopathology
  • Nitriles
  • Pyridones / pharmacology*
  • Seizures / drug therapy*
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult


  • Anticonvulsants
  • Nitriles
  • Pyridones
  • perampanel