Introduction: The development of health information and communication technologies (HICTs) could modify the quality and cost of healthcare services delivered to an aging population. However, the acceptance of HICTs - a prerequisite for users to benefit from them - remains a challenge. This population-based study aimed to 1) explore the acceptance of HICTs by community-dwelling older adults as well as the factors associated to the overall acceptance/refusal of HICTs; 2) identify the factors associated with confidentiality (i.e., access to data allowed to physicians only versus to all caregivers) in the subgroup of older adults willing to accept HICTs.
Methods: A total of 3195 community-dwelling 69-83 year-old members of the Lausanne cohort 65+ were included. In 2017, participants filled out a 9-item questionnaire to assess their acceptance of HICTs ("yes without reluctance"; "yes but with reluctance"; "no"). A bivariate analysis was conducted to examine gender and age differences in the acceptance of HICTs. A multivariable logistic regression was performed to model 1) accepting all or rejecting all HICTs items; 2) willing to share HICTs items with physicians only versus all caregivers.
Results: The answer "acceptance without reluctance" ranged from 26.4% to 70.4% across HICTs and was the most frequent answer to six out of nine HICT items. For every HICT item, the acceptance rate decreased across age categories in women. Overall, 20.2% accepted all the HICTs without reluctance and 9.9% rejected them all. Older age and a lower level of education were significantly associated with both accepting all HICTs without reluctance (OR = 0.78 and OR = 0.65, respectively) and rejecting all HICTs (OR = 1.54 and OR = 2.89, respectively). Women and participants with health vulnerability (depressive symptoms, difficulty in activities of daily living (ADLs)) were less likely to accept data accessibility to non-physicians.
Conclusion: Acceptance of HICTs was relatively high. To deploy HICTs in the older population, demographic, socioeconomic and health profiles, alongside confidentiality concerns, should be considered.
Keywords: Acceptance; Community-dwelling older adults; Health information and communication technologies.
Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.