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Review
, 42 (8), 569-578

Transient Receptor Potential Channels and Metabolism

Affiliations
Review

Transient Receptor Potential Channels and Metabolism

Subash Dhakal et al. Mol Cells.

Abstract

Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are nonselective cationic channels, conserved among flies to humans. Most TRP channels have well known functions in chemosensation, thermosensation, and mechanosensation. In addition to being sensing environmental changes, many TRP channels are also internal sensors that help maintain homeostasis. Recent improvements to analytical methods for genomics and metabolomics allow us to investigate these channels in both mutant animals and humans. In this review, we discuss three aspects of TRP channels, which are their role in metabolism, their functional characteristics, and their role in metabolic syndrome. First, we introduce each TRP channel superfamily and their particular roles in metabolism. Second, we provide evidence for which metabolites TRP channels affect, such as lipids or glucose. Third, we discuss correlations between TRP channels and obesity, diabetes, and mucolipidosis. The cellular metabolism of TRP channels gives us possible therapeutic approaches for an effective prophylaxis of metabolic syndromes.

Keywords: metabolic diseases; metabolism; transient receptor potential channel.

Conflict of interest statement

Disclosure

The authors have no potential conflicts of interest to disclose.

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