[Congenital ectrodactyly caused by chromosome 10q24.31 duplication and its pathogenetic analysis]

Yi Chuan. 2019 Aug 20;41(8):716-724. doi: 10.16288/j.yczz.19-125.
[Article in Chinese]


In order to investigate the genetic variations and the clinical manifestations of a range of congenital ectrodactyly family and to summarize the split hand/foot malformation (SHFM) types and their related pathogenic genes, we conducted phenotypic analyses of patient's limbs by physical and X-ray examination. The haplotypes were analyzed by using the extracted genes from peripheral blood on D10S1709, D10S192, D10S597, D10S1693 and D10S587 loci, and the mutation duplication loci were confirmed by Array-CGH detection. The pathogenic factors and inheritance pattern of SHFM were analyzed based on family investigation and gene analysis. Results demonstrate the proband's phenotype is typically of a congenital SHFM which is manifested by missing bilateral index and middle fingers, short bilateral thumbs, deformed left ring finger with webbing of the skin missing at the middle finger; bilateral big toe with the second and the third toe missing, fourth and fifth toe fusion leading to a deformed toe separated from the first toe by the middle of the foot. The haplotype analyses show that there is a repeat of at least 610 kb in chromosome 10q24.31-10q24.32 region. Array-CGH analysis shows 10q24.31 (102 832 650-103 511 083) ×3. Our results demonstrate that the pathogenic gene variation of ectrodactyly in this family is due to duplication of 10q24.31 (102 832 650~103 511 083). The haplotype 165-251-289-219-102 can be used as a disease marker for detecting 10q24.31~10q24.32 allele for SHFM.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Chromosome Duplication*
  • Chromosomes, Human, Pair 10 / genetics
  • Foot Deformities, Congenital / genetics*
  • Hand Deformities, Congenital / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Limb Deformities, Congenital / genetics*
  • Pedigree

Supplementary concepts

  • Ectrodactyly