SAnDReS: A Computational Tool for Docking

Methods Mol Biol. 2019:2053:51-65. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-9752-7_4.


Since the early 1980s, we have witnessed considerable progress in the development and application of docking programs to assess protein-ligand interactions. Most of these applications had as a goal the identification of potential new binders to protein targets. Another remarkable progress is taking place in the determination of the structures of protein-ligand complexes, mostly using X-ray diffraction crystallography. Considering these developments, we have a favorable scenario for the creation of a computational tool that integrates into one workflow all steps involved in molecular docking simulations. We had these goals in mind when we developed the program SAnDReS. This program allows the integration of all computational features related to modern docking studies into one workflow. SAnDReS not only carries out docking simulations but also evaluates several docking protocols allowing the selection of the best approach for a given protein system. SAnDReS is a free and open-source (GNU General Public License) computational environment for running docking simulations. Here, we describe the combination of SAnDReS and AutoDock4 for protein-ligand docking simulations. AutoDock4 is a free program that has been applied to over a thousand receptor-ligand docking simulations. The dataset described in this chapter is available for downloading at

Keywords: AutoDock4; Binding affinity; Docking; Drug design; Molecular recognition; SAnDReS.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Binding Sites
  • Computational Biology / methods*
  • Databases, Factual
  • Drug Design
  • Ligands
  • Molecular Docking Simulation*
  • Molecular Dynamics Simulation*
  • Protein Binding
  • Proteins / chemistry
  • Software*
  • User-Computer Interface
  • Web Browser


  • Ligands
  • Proteins