Immunotherapy for hematological malignancies

J Life Sci (Westlake Village). 2019 Jun;1(1):46-52.

Abstract

Tumor immune tolerance remains a major barrier for effective anti-cancer therapy. A growing number of pathways whereby solid tumors escape immune surveillance have been characterized (1). This progress led us to revisit the "hallmarks of cancer" and brought forward many promising immunotherapies. Every growing bodies of research have brought forward many exciting treatment strategies for hematological cancers like chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T cells) and immune checkpoint inhibitors. Given the distinct characteristics of the different cancers, some benefited profoundly from such therapies while some remain challenging for scientists and physicians. Here, we discuss the unique aspect of hematological malignancies, and briefly review the history, existing and future of immunotherapies for this group of cancer.

Keywords: CAR-T cells; Cancer; Immunotherapy; hematological malignancies.