New Policy and Implementation of Municipal Solid Waste Classification in Shanghai, China

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019 Aug 26;16(17):3099. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16173099.


To promote sustainable development, the Chinese government launched a new municipal solid waste (MSW) classification strategy in 2017. Shanghai was selected as one of the first pilot cities for MSW classification. The Shanghai municipal government first established the new MSW classification policy in 2017. The Shanghai Municipal Solid Waste Management Regulation was published in 2019 and came into effect on 1 July 2019. This short communication reports on Shanghai's new MSW classification policy and its implementation. The main content and measures adopted by Shanghai's government to ensure the effective implementation of the new MSW classification policy are introduced. Besides, a SWOT (i.e., strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats) analysis on the present policy and measures is conducted, and based on the results, some discussions and suggestions regarding the implementation of MSW classification in Shanghai and the whole of China are presented.

Keywords: MSW classification; Shanghai; implementation; policy.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • China
  • Cities
  • Environmental Policy*
  • Local Government
  • Organizational Case Studies
  • Pilot Projects
  • Refuse Disposal / legislation & jurisprudence*
  • Solid Waste / classification*
  • Waste Management / legislation & jurisprudence*


  • Solid Waste