Distal Revascularization and Interval Ligation as a Useful Option for Steal Syndrome

J Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2019 Sep;29(9):865-867. doi: 10.29271/jcpsp.2019.09.865.


Distal revascularization and interval ligation (DRIL) is considered a useful option to relieve haemodialysis access-related steal syndrome. The results of this procedure are not known in the local setup. This is a case series of patients who underwent DRIL between January 2005 and December 2015. A total of ten patients (9 females) were included in the study. All the patients presented with grade 3 steal syndrome. Seven patients had rest pain while three had tissue loss. Polytetrafluoroethylene was used in all patients as the brachio-brachial bypass graft. All patients had smooth recovery except one patient who had postoperative brachio-brachial graft thrombosis and required thrombectomy. In all the cases, access was preserved. Steal symptoms resolved completely in all patients except for two, who had partial relief of rest pain and neurological symptoms. DRIL is a safe and effective procedure for resolution of steal syndrome and in preserving access at the same time.

MeSH terms

  • Arteriovenous Shunt, Surgical / adverse effects*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Coronary-Subclavian Steal Syndrome / diagnosis
  • Coronary-Subclavian Steal Syndrome / etiology
  • Coronary-Subclavian Steal Syndrome / prevention & control*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Ligation
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myocardial Revascularization*
  • Regional Blood Flow
  • Renal Dialysis / adverse effects*
  • Vascular Patency