Safety and tolerability of ALO-02 (oxycodone hydrochloride and sequestered naltrexone hydrochloride) extended-release capsules in older patients: a pooled analysis of two clinical trials

Curr Med Res Opin. 2020 Jan;36(1):91-99. doi: 10.1080/03007995.2019.1661679. Epub 2019 Sep 17.

Abstract

Objective: To assess the impact of age on the safety and tolerability of ALO-02, an abuse-deterrent opioid formulation consisting of oxycodone hydrochloride and sequestered naltrexone hydrochloride, in patients with chronic pain.Methods: Data from two clinical studies in patients with chronic low back pain or chronic non-cancer pain were analyzed. Patients aged ≥18 years who required continuous around-the-clock opioid analgesia for an extended period were grouped into ≥65 years and <65 years age groups. Treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs), use of concomitant medications, clinical laboratory measurements, and occurrences of opioid withdrawal using reported adverse events (AEs) and Clinical Opiate Withdrawal Scale (COWS) scores assessed safety. Data pooling was employed for the titration and maintenance phases of both studies.Results: Respectively 805 and 436 patients received ≥1 dose of ALO-02 in the titration and maintenance phases; 121 (15.0%) and 83 (14.6%) patients, respectively, were aged ≥65 years in the titration and maintenance phases. Average doses of ALO-02 were lower in the older patients in both phases. Incidences of TEAEs were comparable between age groups in both phases and generally lower in the maintenance phase. Concomitant medications were taken more often by patients aged ≥65 years. Incidences of potentially clinically significant laboratory results were low in both phases with no clinically important differences between age groups. There were few reports of opioid withdrawal events as assessed by reported AEs and COWS scores. One patient aged ≥65 years experienced an AE of opioid withdrawal.Conclusions: The safety and tolerability of ALO-02 is similar in those aged ≥65 years and those aged <65 years with chronic pain.ClinicalTrials.gov identifiers: NCT01571362, NCT01428583.

Keywords: Abuse-deterrent; chronic pain; extended release; naltrexone; opioid; oxycodone; safety.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Analgesics, Opioid / therapeutic use
  • Chronic Pain / drug therapy*
  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Combinations
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Low Back Pain / drug therapy*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Naltrexone / administration & dosage*
  • Oxycodone / administration & dosage*
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Analgesics, Opioid
  • Delayed-Action Preparations
  • Drug Combinations
  • oxycodone naltrexone combination
  • Naltrexone
  • Oxycodone

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01571362
  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01428583