Allergic Rhinitis in Children and Adolescents

Pediatr Clin North Am. 2019 Oct;66(5):981-993. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2019.06.004. Epub 2019 Aug 5.


Allergic rhinitis is a common disorder that regularly occurs in children and adolescents. The disease is associated with other allergic diseases, such as asthma, and it carries a heavy burden, with effects on sleep, school performance, and quality of life. Classic symptoms include sneezing, rhinorrhea, nasal obstruction, and nasal itching. When the eyes are involved, the term allergic rhinoconjunctivitis is used. Triggers may include airborne pollens, molds, dust mites, and animals. Skin or blood allergy testing can be a useful diagnostic modality that may guide therapy. Immunotherapy can prevent the development of further allergic sensitizations as well as subsequent asthma.

Keywords: Allergic rhinitis; Allergic rhinoconjunctivitis; Allergy; Immunotherapy; Prevention of allergic sensitization.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Allergens / adverse effects
  • Allergens / immunology
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Immunotherapy
  • Quality of Life
  • Rhinitis, Allergic / etiology*
  • Rhinitis, Allergic / immunology
  • Rhinitis, Allergic / physiopathology
  • Rhinitis, Allergic / therapy*
  • Risk Factors


  • Allergens