Pubertal boy presenting with mild disproportionate short stature

Arch Dis Child Educ Pract Ed. 2021 Jun;106(3):149-151. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2019-317564. Epub 2019 Aug 29.


A boy aged 12 years was referred with short stature. He was born at term, of adequate weight (10-25th centile) and length (10-25th centile), which settled to just below the third centile from 18 months of age, with a growth deceleration in the last 6 months (growth velocity -2.1 standard deviation score, according to Tanner charts). He was otherwise asymptomatic. His mother's height was 155 cm, and father's height 158 cm, and he was growing near his target height centile (-2.26 SDS, <3rd centile).On examination, his height was -2.22 SDS, with normal weight and body mass index (BMI). Pubertal stage corresponded to Tanner 2, with a testicular volume of 4 mL. His legs and forearms appeared shorter, with arm span/height ratio 0.93 (normal value >0.965) and sitting height/height ratio 0.56 (slightly above the normal upper value of 0.55). He resembled his father, whose wrists were abnormally curved (figure 1). The patient's hand X-ray showed that bone age was similar to chronological age.

Keywords: Léri-Weill dyschondrosteosis; SHOX gene; growth hormone; short stature; skeletal deformity.

MeSH terms

  • Body Height
  • Child, Preschool
  • Growth Disorders* / diagnosis
  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Male
  • Reference Values
  • Short Stature Homeobox Protein


  • Homeodomain Proteins
  • Short Stature Homeobox Protein