Matched Cohort Comparison Indicates Superiority of Precurved Electrode Arrays

Otol Neurotol. 2019 Oct;40(9):1160-1166. doi: 10.1097/MAO.0000000000002366.

Abstract

Objective: Characterize differences in adult cochlear implant outcomes and programming parameters for a straight (CI422/522) and a precurved (CI532) electrode array.

Setting: Cochlear implant (CI) program at a tertiary otologic center.

Patients: Fifty-eight adults were included in the study; 29 were implanted with CI422 or CI522 and 29 were implanted with CI532. Each CI532 recipient was matched to a CI422/522 recipient in terms of age and preoperative hearing thresholds for comparison purposes.

Main outcome measures: Consonant-Nucleus-Consonant (CNC) words, AzBio sentences, residual audiometric thresholds, and Speech Spatial Qualities (SSQ) questionnaire collected 6 months postoperatively were used to characterize outcomes. Pulse duration, maxima, impedances, and overall charge measurements were used to characterize programming parameters.

Results: Postoperative unaided low frequency pure-tone average (LFPTA) was significantly better for the CI532 group. CNC scores were significantly better for the CI532 group. Impedances and pulse duration were significantly lower for the CI532 group, but there was no difference in overall charge between the groups.

Conclusion: The CI532 group showed either similar or statistically superior results on all measures when compared with the CI422/522 suggesting that the CI532 electrode may be an advantageous substitute for the CI522.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Cochlear Implantation / methods
  • Cochlear Implants*
  • Cohort Studies
  • Female
  • Hearing Loss, Sensorineural / surgery*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Postoperative Period
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Speech Perception
  • Treatment Outcome*