Comparison of Supervised Exercise and Home Exercise After Ankle Fracture

J Foot Ankle Surg. 2019 Sep;58(5):822-827. doi: 10.1053/j.jfas.2018.11.021.


Ankle fractures are common fractures of the lower extremities that have an incidence rate of 101 fractures per 100.000 person-years. It is not clear which rehabilitation intervention should be performed after an ankle fracture. The aims of this study are to compare the effectiveness of a supervised exercise program with that of a home exercise program and to determine and compare the costs of these programs. A supervised exercise program and a home exercise program were performed for 8 weeks. The supervised exercise group consisted of 35 patients (mean age 39.23 years), and the home exercise group consisted of 73 patients (mean age 41.78 years). The average follow-up was 27.86 ± 9.88 months. Demographic information, injury details, type and classification of fracture, pain severity, and ankle range of motion were recorded. The clinical outcomes were determined by using the Pain Disability Index, the American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot Score, and the Short-Form 36 Health Survey. Surgical and rehabilitation satisfaction was evaluated with the use of a numeric scale. American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society Ankle-Hindfoot Scores were statistically significantly higher in the home exercise group (p = .036), and rehabilitation satisfaction of the supervised exercise group was statistically significantly better (p = .047). The total rehabilitation crude cost of a patient in the supervised exercise group is 1113.63 Turkish lira (310.25 U.S. dollars) versus 182.31 Turkish lira (50.79 U.S. dollars) in the home exercise group. Considering that the crude cost of the home exercise program is very low and clinical outcomes are satisfactory, we recommend that patients with surgically treated isolated ankle fractures be followed up with a postoperative home exercise program.

Keywords: ankle fracture; cost analysis; costs; exercise; rehabilitation.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Controlled Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Ankle Fractures / physiopathology
  • Ankle Fractures / rehabilitation*
  • Ankle Fractures / surgery
  • Exercise Therapy / economics*
  • Female
  • Fracture Fixation
  • Health Care Costs*
  • Home Care Services / economics*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Quality of Life
  • Range of Motion, Articular
  • Recovery of Function
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult