Prevalence and correlations of depression and anxiety among Slovak college students

Bratisl Lek Listy. 2019;120(9):695-698. doi: 10.4149/BLL_2019_117.


Objectives: The objective of the study was to evaluate prevalence of depression and anxiety among college students studying at Comenius University in Bratislava. The secondary aim was to evaluate the impact of depression and anxiety on various domains of social functioning.

Methods: The data were collected through a cross-sectional online survey. The sample consisted of 1,331 students. We administered scales measuring the depression, anxiety, satisfaction with life, and social functioning as part of a larger survey.

Results: When using a customary cut‑off score for PHQ-9 and GAD-7, a proportion of 35.5 % and 25.5 % of students were above the threshold for depression and anxiety, respectively. When using more stringent criteria, the prevalence rates for depression and anxiety were 16.4 % and 9.3 %, respectively. Both conditions co‑occur in 6.8 % of students. Symptom domains were related to satisfaction with life and social functioning.

Conclusion: Depression and anxiety are prevalent among college students. We found that symptoms of mood and anxiety disorders were associated with lower satisfaction with life and lower level of functioning at school as well as in social and family lives. The implications for mental health policies at universities are discussed (Tab. 2, Ref. 27).

Keywords: depression; anxiety; functional outcomes college sample.; prevalence.

MeSH terms

  • Anxiety / epidemiology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Depression / epidemiology*
  • Humans
  • Mood Disorders / epidemiology
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Prevalence
  • Slovakia / epidemiology
  • Students
  • Universities