Background: Adequate target lobe selection for endobronchial valve (EBV) treatment in patients with severe emphysema is essential for treatment success and can be based on emphysema destruction, lobar perfusion, lobar volume, and collateral ventilation. As some patients have >1 target lobe for EBV treatment, we were interested whether we could identify the least functional lobe.
Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between endoscopic lobar measurement of oxygen uptake, lobar destruction, and vascular volume, and whether this could help in identifying the least functional lobe and thus optimal target for EBV treatment.
Method: We prospectively included patients who were scheduled for EBV treatment in our hospital. A customized gas analysis setup was used to measure lobar O2 uptake after lobar balloon occlusion. Quantitative CT analysis was performed to assess the degree of emphysematous destruction and lobar arterial and venous volumes.
Results: Twenty-one (5 male/16 female) patients with emphysema (median age 63 years, FEV1 25% of predicted, residual volume 234% of predicted) were included, and 49 endoscopic lobar measurements were performed. A lower O2 uptake significantly correlated with a higher degree of emphysematous lobar destruction (Spearman's ρ: 0.39, p < 0.01), and lower arterial and venous vascular volumes of the lobes (-0.46 and -0.47, respectively; both p < 0.001).
Conclusions: Endoscopic measurement of lobar O2 uptake is feasible in patients with emphysema. Measurement of lobar O2 uptake helped to identify the least functional lobe and can be used as additional tool for EBV target lobe selection.
Keywords: Bronchoscopic lung volume reduction; Emphysema; Endobronchial valves; Oxygen uptake; Perfusion.
© 2019 S. Karger AG, Basel.