Increased Likelihood of Pregnancy Using an App-Connected Ovulation Test System: A Randomized Controlled Trial

J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2020 Jan;29(1):84-90. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2019.7850. Epub 2019 Sep 4.

Abstract

Background: Women trying to conceive are increasingly using fertility-tracking software applications to time intercourse. This study evaluated the difference in conception rates between women trying to conceive using an application-connected ovulation test system, which measures urinary luteinizing hormone and an estrogen metabolite, versus those trying without using ovulation testing. Materials and Methods: This home-based study involved 844 volunteers aged 18-40 years seeking to conceive. Volunteers randomized to the test arm were required to use the test system for the duration of the study while those randomized to the control arm were instructed not to use ovulation testing. Pregnancy rate differences across one and two cycles between the two groups were examined. Results: Volunteers in the test (n = 382) and control arms (n = 403) had similar baseline demographics. The proportion of women pregnant after one cycle was significantly greater in the test arm (25.4%) compared with the control arm (14.7%; p < 0.001). After two cycles, there continued to be a greater proportion of women pregnant in the test arm compared with the control arm (36.2% vs. 28.6%; p = 0.026). In the test arm, volunteers had intercourse less frequently per cycle compared with those not using ovulation testing (9 [range: 1-60] vs. 10 [range: 1-50]; p = 0.027), but were more likely to target intercourse to a particular part of their cycle compared with those not using ovulation testing (88.5% vs. 57.8%; p < 0.001). Conclusion: Using the test system to time intercourse within the fertile window increases the likelihood of conceiving within two menstrual cycles.

Keywords: Clearblue Connected Ovulation Test System; conception rates; luteinizing hormone; ovulation testing; pregnancy.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Coitus
  • Female
  • Fertility
  • Fertilization
  • Humans
  • Mobile Applications*
  • Ovulation
  • Ovulation Detection / methods*
  • Ovulation Prediction / methods*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Rate*
  • Pregnancy Tests
  • Young Adult