Posterior capsule opacification and Nd:YAG laser rates with two hydrophobic acrylic single-piece IOLs

Eye (Lond). 2020 May;34(5):857-863. doi: 10.1038/s41433-019-0569-x. Epub 2019 Sep 4.

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the development of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) and Nd:YAG capsulotomy rates following implantation of two hydrophobic acrylic IOLs.

Methods: In a randomized, controlled trial, 80 patients with bilateral senile cataract were implanted with the hydrophobic acrylic single-piece intraocular Lenses (IOLs) EyeCee One in one eye and iMics1 in the other. Outcomes of 39 patients (78 eyes) were evaluated after 3 years. Automated Quantification of After-Cataract (AQUA; for PCO occurrence), visual acuity, anterior fibrosis, capsule-optic edge interaction and distance between anterior and posterior capsule IOL surface were analysed.

Results: After a mean follow-up of 38 ± 1.95 months, Nd:YAG capsulotomy occurred at a rate of 15.4% and 46.2% in the EyeCee One and iMics1 groups, respectively (p < 0.01). Respective mean PCO scores measured by AQUA were 1.57 ± 1.63 and 2.45 ± 1.44 (p = 0.019). A distinct gap between the anterior capsule and the IOL optic was present in 89% of eyes implanted with EyeCee One and 13% of iMics1 eyes. A gap between the posterior capsule and the posterior surface of the lens was observed in 76% of EyeCee One eyes and 35% of iMics1 eyes.

Conclusions: Study findings suggest that PCO and Nd:YAG capsulotomy rates are significantly lower in eyes implanted with the EyeCee One IOL compared to the iMics1 IOL. Optic sharpness and lens material seem to be the decisive factors, while the stepped edge beneath the haptic junction appeared to be ineffective.