Mental disorders/difficulties in the postpartum period

Psychiatr Danub. 2019 Sep;31(Suppl 3):338-344.


Introduction: Mental difficulties are common in the postpartum period. They can manifest in a mild form, but also as serious disorders which need to be treated in a timely manner. The most common psychological problem is "Baby blues" characterized by relatively short duration without consequences and treatment is largely unnecessary. Postpartum depression is characterized by a sense of sadness, loss of interest, insomnia, discomfort, loss of energy, reduced concentration. Postpartum psychosis is the most serious disorder but is also rare and may have serious consequences for the mother and child. Important factors in the postpartum mental problems/difficulties are genetic factors, situation of unwanted pregnancy, a feeling of discomfort with the role of motherhood and sudden hormonal changes.

Aim: to investigate the frequency and type of mental problems in postpartum period, as well as possible type of help needed by the women in postpartum period.

Subjects and methods: One hundred (112) respondents participated in the survey. The survey was conducted from November to December 2017 through a "google docs" application. The survey was placed on different social networks, and the participation in the survey was voluntary and anonymous. A series of 14 questions with the offered answers was used in the survey.

Results: The results of the survey have shown that psychological difficulties and disturbances in the postpartum period to be common problems encountered by almost 50% of women (44.46%). The most common difficulty is Baby blues, followed by postpartum depression and anxiety disorders. Age and the mode of birth did not affect the emergence of changes, while social factors such as family support had a great impact.

Conclusion: The provision of information to the mothers can help, but inaccurate information can do the opposite. Thus, the role of health care professionals is important for helping mothers in that period to prevent certain difficulties as well as in identifying and referring mothers to seek help in a timely fashion.

MeSH terms

  • Anxiety / epidemiology*
  • Anxiety / psychology
  • Child
  • Depression, Postpartum / epidemiology*
  • Depression, Postpartum / psychology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Mothers / education
  • Mothers / psychology*
  • Postpartum Period / psychology*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy, Unwanted / psychology
  • Psychotic Disorders / epidemiology*
  • Psychotic Disorders / psychology
  • Surveys and Questionnaires