An analysis of the anxiety and hopelessness levels of women during IVF-ET treatment

Perspect Psychiatr Care. 2020 Apr;56(2):338-346. doi: 10.1111/ppc.12436. Epub 2019 Sep 6.


Purpose: This study determined the anxiety and hopelessness levels of women during in vitro fertilization-embryo transfer.

Design and methods: This cross-sectional and descriptive study was conducted with 50 infertile women. The Personal Information Form, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) were used to collect data.

Findings: A statistically significant difference between the BHS total score before oocyte pick-up and after embryo transfer was found (P < .05). However, no statistically significant relationship was found between state anxiety in the same process (P > .05).

Practice implications: This study showed that women had high levels of hopelessness and as a woman's state anxiety level increased, her level of hope decreased.

Keywords: anxiety; hopelessness; in vitro fertilization; infertility; woman.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anxiety / diagnosis*
  • Anxiety / etiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Embryo Transfer / psychology*
  • Female
  • Hope*
  • Humans
  • Infertility, Female / therapy*
  • Personality Inventory
  • Psychiatric Status Rating Scales
  • Self Concept