Purpose: Positron emission tomography (PET) is a non-invasive imaging tool for the evaluation of brain function and neuronal activity in normal and diseased conditions with high sensitivity. The macaque monkey serves as a valuable model system in the field of translational medicine, for its phylogenetic proximity to man. To translation of non-human primate neuro-PET studies, an effective and objective data analysis platform for neuro-PET studies is needed.
Materials and methods: A set of stereotaxic templates of macaque brain, namely the Institute of High Energy Physics & Jinan University Macaque Template (HJT), was constructed by iteratively registration and averaging, based on 30 healthy rhesus monkeys. A brain atlas image was created in HJT space by combining sub-anatomical regions and defining new 88 bilateral functional regions, in which a unique integer was assigned for each sub-anatomical region.
Results: The HJT comprised a structural MRI T1 weighted image (T1WI) template image, a functional FDG-PET template image, intracranial tissue segmentations accompanied with a digital macaque brain atlas image. It is compatible with various commercially available software tools, such as SPM and PMOD. Data analysis was performed on a stroke model compared with a group of healthy controls to demonstrate the usage of HJT.
Conclusion: We have constructed a stereotaxic template set of macaque brain named HJT, which standardizes macaque neuroimaging data analysis, supports novel radiotracer development and facilitates translational neuro-disorders research.
Keywords: Brain; Ischemia; MRI; Macaque; PET; Positron emission tomography; Template.
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