Disparities in cardiovascular care: Past, present, and solutions

Cleve Clin J Med. 2019 Sep;86(9):621-632. doi: 10.3949/ccjm.86a.18088.


Cardiovascular disease has been the leading cause of death in the United States since the early 20th century. With advances in prevention and treatment, cardiovascular mortality rates are on the decline. Nevertheless, disparities in care persist, with devastating impact in select populations in the United States. This paper reviews the impact of disparate care on risk-factor burden, coronary artery disease, heart failure, and cardiovascular research.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiovascular Diseases / etiology
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / mortality*
  • Coronary Artery Disease / etiology
  • Coronary Artery Disease / mortality*
  • Cost of Illness
  • Healthcare Disparities / trends*
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • United States / epidemiology