Using briefing, simulation and debriefing to improve human and system performance

Semin Perinatol. 2019 Dec;43(8):151178. doi: 10.1053/j.semperi.2019.08.007. Epub 2019 Aug 10.


Safety, effectiveness and efficiency are keys to performance in all high-risk industries; healthcare is no exception, and neonatal-perinatal medicine is one of the highest risk subspecialties within healthcare. Briefing, simulation and debriefing are methods used by professionals in high-risk industries to reduce the overall risk to life and enhance the safety of the human beings involved in receiving and delivering the services provided by those industries. Although relatively new to neonatal-perinatal medicine, briefing, simulation and debriefing are being practiced with increasing frequency and have become embedded in training exercises such as the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP) of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). This chapter will define these terms and offer examples as to how they are used in high-risk activities including neonatal-perinatal medicine.

Keywords: Briefing; Debriefing; High-risk industries; Patient safety; Simulation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Competence
  • Delivery of Health Care / methods*
  • Humans
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Neonatology / education*
  • Patient Care Team
  • Patient Safety*
  • Perinatology / education*
  • Resuscitation / education
  • Resuscitation / methods
  • Simulation Training