p97 regulates GluA1 homomeric AMPA receptor formation and plasma membrane expression

Nat Commun. 2019 Sep 9;10(1):4089. doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-12096-7.


The α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazole-4-propionic acid subtype glutamate receptors (AMPARs) mediate the fast excitatory synaptic transmission in the mammalian brain and are important for synaptic plasticity. In particular, the rapid insertion of the GluA1 homomeric (GluA1-homo) AMPARs into the postsynaptic membrane is considered to be critical in the expression of hippocampal CA1 long-term potentiation (LTP), which is important for certain forms of learning and memory. However, how the formation and trafficking of GluA1-homo AMPARs are regulated remains poorly understood. Here, we report that p97 specifically interacts with and promotes the formation of GluA1-homo AMPARs. The association with p97 retains GluA1-homo AMPARs in the intracellular compartment under basal conditions, and its dissociation allows GluA1-homo AMPARs to be rapidly inserted into the postsynaptic membrane shortly after LTP induction. Thus, our results shed lights into the molecular mechanisms by which p97 regulates GluA1-homo AMPARs formation and trafficking, thereby playing a critical role in mediating synaptic plasticity.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Cell Membrane / metabolism*
  • Cells, Cultured
  • HEK293 Cells
  • Hippocampus / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Long-Term Potentiation
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Neurons / metabolism
  • Peptides / chemistry
  • Peptides / metabolism
  • Protein Binding
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Receptors, AMPA / metabolism*
  • Recombinant Proteins / metabolism
  • Synapses / metabolism
  • Valosin Containing Protein / metabolism*


  • Peptides
  • Receptors, AMPA
  • Recombinant Proteins
  • Valosin Containing Protein
  • glutamate receptor ionotropic, AMPA 1