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Review
, 58 (11), 1289-1297

[Role of Pressure and Temperature in Ureterorenoscopy and Percutaneous Nephrolitholapaxy : Pressure and Temperature Changes During Stone Treatment]

[Article in German]
Affiliations
Review

[Role of Pressure and Temperature in Ureterorenoscopy and Percutaneous Nephrolitholapaxy : Pressure and Temperature Changes During Stone Treatment]

[Article in German]
F Strittmatter et al. Urologe A.

Abstract

Ureterorenoscopy and percutaneous nephrolitholapaxy are minimally invasive procedures and are the standard procedures for the treatment of kidney stones and ureteral calculi. To achieve an adequate view, in both methods an optimal and sufficient irrigation flow is necessary. The intrarenal pressure is influenced by the irrigation pressure and irrigation volume and has to be controlled. Pathologically elevated intrarenal pressure can lead to irreversible damage of the kidneys. Lasers are frequently used for stone fragmentation. It has been shown in studies that the laser energy can lead to an increase in the temperature and that thermal effects can also damage the kidneys. This article provides the surgeon with an overview about the effects of temperature and pressure changes during ureterorenoscopy and percutaneous nephrolitholapaxy and how damages can be avoided.

Keywords: Infections; Intrarenal pressure; Kidney damage; Reflux, pyelorenal; Stone treatment.

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