Background: Clinically important thresholds improve interpretability of patient-reported outcomes. A threshold for a successful outcome does not exist for the Forgotten Joint Score (FJS). The purpose of this study is to determine a threshold score for the FJS, 1 and 2 years after total hip arthroplasty (THA).
Methods: A retrospective analysis of 247 primary THA recipients between December 2012 and April 2017 was performed. A binary "successful treatment" was defined as achieving a composite criterion of pain, function, and satisfaction. Receiver operator characteristic analysis determined thresholds for successful outcome at 1 and 2 years postoperatively, subanalyzed by demographics. Results were validated by a 75th centile comparison. The ceiling effect of FJS was also assessed.
Results: The average FJS was 70.06 ± 29.39 and 75.05 ± 28.73 at 1 and 2 years, respectively (P < .001). The proportion of patients meeting the composite criteria for success was 66.8% at 1 year and 76.5% at 2 years (P = .017). The receiver operator characteristic analysis for FJS at 1 and 2 years yielded excellent accuracy as defined by area under the curve (0.91 and 0.92, respectively). The threshold values were 73.96 and 69.79 at the respective time points. A mild ceiling effect was found with 16% and 23% of cases achieving a score of 100 at 1 and 2 years, respectively.
Conclusion: The FJS has excellent accuracy in demonstrating successful outcome following THA. The FJS threshold for success at 1 and 2 years postoperatively is 73.96 and 69.79, respectively. The higher rates of success at 2 years, along with a rise in the mean FJS, may indicate continued clinical improvement up to 2 years after THA.
Keywords: Forgotten Joint Score; accuracy; outcome; threshold; total hip arthroplasty.
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