Blood Cells Separation and Sorting Techniques of Passive Microfluidic Devices: From Fabrication to Applications

Micromachines (Basel). 2019 Sep 10;10(9):593. doi: 10.3390/mi10090593.


Since the first microfluidic device was developed more than three decades ago, microfluidics is seen as a technology that exhibits unique features to provide a significant change in the way that modern biology is performed. Blood and blood cells are recognized as important biomarkers of many diseases. Taken advantage of microfluidics assets, changes on blood cell physicochemical properties can be used for fast and accurate clinical diagnosis. In this review, an overview of the microfabrication techniques is given, especially for biomedical applications, as well as a synopsis of some design considerations regarding microfluidic devices. The blood cells separation and sorting techniques were also reviewed, highlighting the main achievements and breakthroughs in the last decades.

Keywords: microfabrication; microfluidics; polymers; red blood cells (RBCs); separation and sorting techniques.

Publication types

  • Review