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. 2019 Sep 12;19(1):283.
doi: 10.1186/s12888-019-2264-7.

Alcohol Consumption Pattern in Western Nepal: Findings From the COBIN Baseline Survey

Free PMC article

Alcohol Consumption Pattern in Western Nepal: Findings From the COBIN Baseline Survey

Tara Ballav Adhikari et al. BMC Psychiatry. .
Free PMC article


Background: Harmful use of alcohol is a global public health problem. Differences in alcohol consumption patterns may add valuable information to the design of public health interventions to prevent excessive use of alcohol, which is yet missing in Nepal. Hence, the purpose of the study is to determine the prevalence, patterns of alcohol consumption and socio-economic correlates of lifetime alcohol consumption and binge drinking in the semi-urban area of Pokhara Municipality.

Methods: The cross-sectional data used in this study were collected as part of the COBIN study to understand alcohol consumption patterns and frequency and to determine correlates of lifetime alcohol consumption and binge drinking in the semi-urban area of Pokhara Municipality, Nepal.

Results: Out of 2815 study participants, 35.6% had ever used alcohol in their lifetime (Male 67.2% and Female 18.9%). Among 571 respondents who drank alcohol within the past 30 days, 77.1% male, and 46.9% female reported binge drinking behaviour. On average, males consumed 8.8 ± 0.3 standard alcohol drinks on one occasion, while females consumed only 4.4 ± 0.3 alcoholic drinks. Male (OR = 16; 95% CI: 12.1-21.1), older adults (OR = 1.5; 95% CI: 1.2-1.7) and people belonging to disadvantaged ethnic group (OR = 6.1; 95% CI: 4.9-6.3) had higher odds of lifetime alcohol consumption than their respective counterparts. Whereas, male (OR = 7.9; 95% CI: 4.3-14.6), having higher educational status and agriculture as the occupation had higher odds of binge drinking.

Conclusion: Alcohol consumption frequency was significantly higher among males than females in Western Nepal. Although national program and policies should recommend reducing alcohol consumption in general, targeted interventions are needed for males aged 45-65 years of age and certain ethnic groups (Dalit and Janajati).

Keywords: Alcohol consumption; Alcohol drinking; Bing drinking; Gender difference; Nepal.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declared that they have no competing interests.


Fig. 1
Fig. 1
Alcohol consumption in the past seven days

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