Background: Tumoral calcinosis (TC) is a rare disease derived from uremic secondary hyperparathyroidism (SHPT). However, parathyroidectomy (PTX) seems to be ineffective at relieving TC in some patients. In this study, we investigated the relationship between PTX and TC shrinkage.
Methods: We retrospectively followed up nine TC patients who underwent PTX, dividing them into two groups: those with TC size reduced by > 80% were in the "effective group" (group A), and the rest in the "ineffective group" (group B).
Results: We enrolled nine patients (7 men; mean age 38.6 ± 10.9 years) with SHPT-related TC. One patient with calciphylaxis was excluded due to sudden death. The efficiency of PTX in causing TC regression was 62.5% (5 patients in group A). Group A had a shorter overall duration of TC (6 [5.5, 6.0] vs. 9 [8.0, 10.0] months; P = 0.02) and higher serum levels of alkaline phosphatase (ALP; 408.0 [217.9, 1101.7] vs. 90.8 [71.0, 102.1] pg/ml; P = 0.03) and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP; 82.7 [55.0, 112.4] vs. 3.1 [3.1, 4.5] mg/l; P = 0.02). Average calcium supplementation within 1 week of surgery was significantly greater in group A than in group B (96.8 [64.1, 105.3] vs. 20.1 [13.1, 32.7] g; P = 0.04). Patients in both the groups demonstrated similar serum phosphate levels before PTX, but these levels were higher in group B than in group A at follow-up times (3 months, P = 0.03; 6 months, P = 0.03).
Conclusions: The shorter duration of pre-existing TC and higher ALP levels before PTX, as well as lower serum phosphate levels after PTX, were correlated with effective SHPT-TC shrinkage.
Keywords: Parathyroidectomy; Phosphate; Secondary hyperparathyroidism; Tumoral calcinosis.