Adriamycin(ADR) is still considered to be one of the most effective agents in the treatment of breast cancer (BrCa), its efficacy is compromised by intrinsic resistance or acquire characteristics of multidrug resistance. At present, there are few genetic alterations that can be exploited as biomarkers to guide targeted use of ADR in clinical. Therefore, exploring the determinants of ADR sensitivity is pertinent for their optimal clinical application. TP53 is the most frequently mutated gene in human BrCa, p53 mutation has been reported to be closely related to ADR resistance, whereas the underlying mechanisms that cause endogenous ADR resistance in p53-mutant BrCa cells are not completely understood. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential roles of miRNA in the response to ADR in p53-mutated breast cancer. Here, we report that BrCa cells expressing mutp53 are more resistant to ADR than cells with wild-type p53 (wtp53). The DNA repair protein- Fanconi anemia complementation group F protein (FANCF) and the translesion synthesis DNA polymerase REV1 protein is frequently abundant in the context of mutant p53 of BrCa. By targeting two key factors, miR-30c increases the sensitivity of BrCa cells to ADR. Furthermore, p53 directly activates the transcription of miR-30c by binding to its promoter. Subsequent analyses revealed that p53 regulates REV1 and FANCF by modulating miR-30c expression. Mutation of the p53 abolished this response. Consistently, reduced miR-30c expression is highly correlated with human BrCa with p53 mutational status and is associated with poor survival. We propose that one of the pathways affected by mutant p53 to increase intrinsic resistance to ADR involves miR-30c downregulation and the consequent upregulation of FANCF and REV1. The novel miRNA-mediated pathway that regulates chemoresistance in breast cancer will facilitate the development of novel therapeutic strategies.