"The beauty myth: Prescriptive beauty norms for women reflect hierarch- enhancing motivations leading to discriminatory employment practices": Correction to Ramati-Ziber, Shnabel, and Glick (2019)

J Pers Soc Psychol. 2020 Aug;119(2):343. doi: 10.1037/pspp0000269. Epub 2019 Sep 12.


Reports an error in "The beauty myth: Prescriptive beauty norms for women reflect hierarchy-enhancing motivations leading to discriminatory employment practices" by Leeat Ramati-Ziber, Nurit Shnabel and Peter Glick (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Aug 15, 2019, np). In the article, the first sentence was not set as an epigraph on the first page of the article due to a printer error. All versions of this article have been corrected. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2019-47721-001.) We proposed that the Prescriptive Beauty Norm (PBN), the injunctive demand for women to intensively pursue beauty, reflects motives to maintain gender hierarchy and translates into employment discrimination. In Studies 1a and 1b, the PBN (distinct from other "beauty myth" [Wolf, 1990] components; namely, bodily and grooming standards, and attainability beliefs) uniquely correlated with hierarchy-supporting values and ideologies. In Study 2, experimentally threatening (vs. affirming) gender hierarchy increased PBN endorsement among sexist (but not nonsexist) participants, an effect mediated by power values. In Studies 3 and 4, participants who scored high (vs. low) in sexism (Study 3) and social dominance orientation (Study 4) enforced higher appearance requirements for women in powerful (vs. entry-level), masculine professions. This "beauty tax" targeted women more than men (Study 3) and was mediated by PBN endorsement (Study 4). Illustrating real-life implications, in an organizational setting (Study 5), sexism predicted penalizing "insufficiently groomed" female candidates more for high-power (vs. low-power) jobs. Finally, supporting the hypothesis that the PBN represents a contemporary, subtle replacement for traditional hierarchy-maintaining ideologies that have lost their influence in modern secular society, Social Dominance Orientation (SDO) correlated with PBN endorsement among secular more than among religious respondents (Study 6), whose "ideological arsenal" contains more straightforward means to police women. We discuss practical implications for gender equality, as well as theoretical implications for reconciling evolutionary and feminist perspectives on beauty norms. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved).