Pure Autonomic Failure

Mayo Clin Proc. 2019 Oct;94(10):2087-2098. doi: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2019.03.009. Epub 2019 Sep 9.


Pure autonomic failure (PAF) is a neurodegenerative disorder of the autonomic nervous system clinically characterized by orthostatic hypotension. The disorder has also been known as Bradbury-Eggleston syndrome, named for the authors of the 1925 seminal description. Patients typically present in midlife or later with orthostatic hypotension or syncope. Autonomic failure may also manifest as genitourinary, bowel, and thermoregulatory dysfunction. With widespread involvement, patients may present to a variety of different specialties and require multidisciplinary treatment approaches. Pathologically, PAF is characterized by predominantly peripheral deposition of α-synuclein. However, patients with PAF may progress into other synucleinopathies with central nervous system involvement.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Prognosis
  • Pure Autonomic Failure / complications
  • Pure Autonomic Failure / diagnosis*
  • Pure Autonomic Failure / therapy