Vulnerability to depressive behavior induced by overexpression of striatal Shati/Nat8l via the serotonergic neuronal pathway in mice

Behav Brain Res. 2019 Dec 30:376:112227. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2019.112227. Epub 2019 Sep 11.


The number of patients with depressive disorders is increasing. However, the mechanism of depression onsets has not been completely revealed. We previously identified Shati/Nat8l, an N-acetyltransferase, in the brain using an animal model of psychosis. In this study, we revealed the involvement of Shati/Nat8l in the vulnerability to major depression. Shati/Nat8l mRNA was increased only in the striatum of mice, which were exposed to chronic social defeat stress. Shati/Nat8l-overexpressed mice showed impairment in social interaction and sucrose preference after the subthreshold social defeat (microdefeat) stress. These depression-like behaviors were restored by fluvoxamine and LY341495 injection prior to these tests. Furthermore, the intracerebral administration of only fluvoxamine, but not of LY341495, to the dorsal striatum and direct infusion of LY341495 to the dorsal raphe also rescued. Taken together, Shati/Nat8l in the striatum has an important role in the vulnerability to depression onsets by regulating the origin of serotonergic neuronal system via GABAergic projection neuron in the dorsal raphe from the dorsal striatum.

Keywords: Depression; Shati/Nat8l; Stress; striatum.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acetyltransferases / genetics
  • Acetyltransferases / metabolism*
  • Amino Acids / pharmacology
  • Animals
  • Brain / metabolism
  • Causality
  • Corpus Striatum / metabolism
  • Depression / metabolism*
  • Depression / physiopathology
  • Fluvoxamine / pharmacology
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Serotonergic Neurons / metabolism*
  • Serotonergic Neurons / physiology
  • Stress, Psychological / metabolism
  • Xanthenes / pharmacology


  • Amino Acids
  • LY 341495
  • Xanthenes
  • Acetyltransferases
  • Shati protein, mouse
  • Fluvoxamine